英语教学中涉及到的教学策略

2017-10-11 10:09:50   来源:中公教育    点击:
加入收藏 打印文章

编辑推荐德州中公教育公职备考QQ交流群:点击加入

新课改的教学观指出:教学由以前的“教给学生知识”转变为“教会学生学习”。由此可见,教会学生怎样学习,如何学会思考已成为目前教育界许多研究者所关注的焦点,从而学习策略的研究也就成为了教育界所关注的问题。尤其是在教师考试面试中,不管是试讲还是说课,都强调在教学中要融入学习方法和学习策略。

教育部制定的《全日制义务教育英语课程标准(实验)解读》将“学习策略”定义为“是对学习方法的选择和使用”或“是对学习方法的认识和理解”。而在《高中英语课程标准》中将“学习策略”定义为“学生为了更有效的学习和使用外语而采取的各种行动和步骤”。为了让大家能在英语面试中灵活地应用教学策略,给大家整理如下:

Listening strategies:

1、Prediction:

l Before you listen, read the questions carefully.

l Try to think of possible answers.

l Use your general knowledge to think of possible answers.

2、Getting prepared for listening

l Before listening, make sure you understand the task.

l If possible, try to guess the answer.

3、 Listening for understanding the general idea

l Don’t worry if you can’t understand everything.

l Listen for important words and phrases to help you answer the questions.

l Try to link words to topics.

l When you listen the first time, don’t panic! You will not understand everything--just try to get the general idea and take notes.

l The second time you listen, listen carefully and try to note down the answers.

l Listen more than once, if possible.

4、Listening for specific information

l Make sure you know what you have to do. E.g. Complete a table, fill in the blanks.

l As you listen, make notes and use abbreviations, e.g. Poll.(=pollution), O-F.(=over-fishing).

l Use the headings or topics from the table to help you while you are listening.

l If you miss some information, write a question mark to remind you to listen especially carefully the second time.

Reading strategies:

1、Prediction:

l Before you read a text, look at the title, photographs and drawings.

l Read the first two or three lines of the text.

l Try to guess what the text is going to be about.

2、Working out meaning

l Find the word in the text.

l Is the word a noun, verb, adjective,etc?

l Think about the context.

3、Multiple-choice questions

l Read the question and answers.

l Try to guess the correct answer.

l Find the place in the text where you think the answer is.

l Read the text and check your answer.

l Make sure the other two answers are not possible.

4、Self-assessment

l After you read, think about how difficult the text was for you to understand.(e.g. Quiet difficult because of a lot of new words)

l Think about how difficult the tasks were for you.

l List the strategies you used to help you. (E.g. Using the picture to predict answers, guessing multiple-choice questions, working out meaning of words.)

5、Making contextual connections

l Read the whole text to get the general idea.

l Look at the missing sentences and read the paragraphs with gaps in detail.

l Choose the missing sentence, a) to e), from the list. Make sure the topic of the sentence matches the topic of the paragraph.

l Make sure that the sentence fits in with the sentences before and after it. Look for time references, pronoun references or contrasting ideas.

6、Matching topics/paragraphs

l Read each paragraph carefully.

l Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph as it often introduces the main idea.

l Identify 3-5 of the most important words and underline them with a pencil.

l Look at the list of topics and match them to the paragraphs.

l Check that the extra topic does not match any of the paragraphs.

Speaking strategies:

1、group work

l Always try to speak in English.

l Don’t interrupt other people.

l Respect other people’s ideas.

l Choose a secretary to make notes of your group’s decisions.

2、Preparation for discussion

l Make notes about your opinions.

l Think of reason to support your opinions.

l Practice saying your opinions.

更多信息请访问德州教师招聘考试网


[责任编辑:德州中公教育]